By: Muhjidin Mawardi

Ketua MLH PP. Muhammadiyah




            Environmental problems is not  merely  technical , but it related   to theological (faith)  and human behavior. Environmental degradations and disruptions are mostly  influenced by  the degradation  of  social morality (al akhlaq al   ummah). Muhammadiyah as a da’wah for social and moral movement,  has a great potency   in the development for improving   al akhlaq al ummah ( human ethic and behavior)  regarding environmental challenges  and  movement  through the concept of:   al amru bil  ma’ruf wan nahyu ‘anil   munkar ( movement for goodness and prohibit worst behavior). Under this theological view of Muhammadiyah, that man is a part of the universe and al khalifah (representative) of Allah, so that they must be able to represent the role of Allah for the nature such is al-rab (sustaining everything) and rakhmatan (spread grace) in the universe. Once human obligation in the context of devotion to Allah is conservation of natural resources. Protection and preservation of natural environment is equal to preservation of life   (hifdzun nafs).

            Muhammadiyah  is a big and modern moslem civil society in Indonesia. He has more than 35 million members,  thousands school and madrasah, hundred universities, hospitals and clinics spread out a long the islands of Indonesia.  Muhammadiyah has paved out it commitment to actively participate in the protection and conservation of natural resources and environment as it has been mandated  (amanah)  by the 45th Muktamar Muhammadiyah in Malang. To follow up and realize this amanah, Muhammadiyah then has been developing The Environment Institution (MLH) for running the institution missions and programs on environment. Some of the selected program is  as mentioned in the Table 1 and Table 2.


Proposed Programs

Muhammadiyah has been developing  programs and activities which will be implemented during the period of 2010 up to 2015. Some are continuation programs for the prior period  which could not be   implemented due to some technical reason and will be implemented during the next period. For running  the programs, Muhammadiyah will have to collaborate with the stakeholders such as the government, non government (NGO) and other environment communities. Table 1, shows some selected programs,  activities, achievement indicators and resources need to run each program.



Table 1: Selected Programs and Activities of Muhammadiyah

 on Movement of Da’wah and Education for Environment

Program Activity Achievement Resources

1. Developing Technical Guidance and Manual for Environmental Protection and Management

1.1 Developing Handbook of Environmental Ethics in Islamic Pesrpective Publish the Book of Environmental Ethic MLH, KLH (Environment Minister) and Forestry Minister (FM)
1.2 Workshop and socialisation  of Environmental Ethics The book has been socialized and diseminated among Muhammadiyah member and Muslim community at national wide MLH, KLH and Muhammadiyah Universities (UM)
1.3 Developing technical guidance for Environmental Auditing
  1. The Technical Guidance has been developed
  2. Implementation for some units of Muhammadiyah organisation
MLH, KLH, NGO and Contributors
2. Developing Educational System on Environment 2.1 Pilot project on Environmental Education for the Muhammadiyah  Institution (Pre School, Primary,Secondary, High Schools, pesantren  and University) Environmental Eductaion Model has been developed and adopted by some selected Muhammadiyah schools and universities. Division of Education, Dikdasmen and Dikti
2.2 Pilot Project on implementing 3R in Muhammadiyah institution Imlementation of 3R on selected Muhammadiyah institution at high to lower level. ( Pilot Project model) Division of Education, Muh. University, Muhammadiyah office at Wilayah through Cabang, Founding Donor, collaboration between universties
2.3 Intensifiying education on environment  through  scholarship program in country and by study abroad Increase the number of student who studied on environmental and ecological studies
2.4 TOT for Muballigh Lingkungan (Motivator and advocator  on Environment) Developed   model and moduls of TOT for Muballigh Lingkungan Div. of Environmental Education, MLH
2.5 TOT for biogass, garbages and sanitation for house hold Developed  models and moduls for TOT imlementation Div. of Environmental Education, MLH
4. Institutional Buliding on Environmental Friendly Movement 4.1 National Workshop on Environmental Programs Workshop the MLH programs

Div. Advocation MLH


Table 2.  Selected Programs of Muhammadiyah

on Climate Changes : Mitigation and Adaptation

Task Activity Target Achievement Site/location for pilot project Resources
Reducing (Electric) Energy use
  1. Audit of energy use
  2. Improvement of lighting system
  3. Improvement of air conditioning and lift system
  4. Providing alternative energy supply
  1. Pattern and level of energy consumption of the site.
  2. Selected alternative actions/activities to reduce /save the  energy consumption
  3. Selected alternative  energy supply (min. 10 % of the energy consumption)
  1. Muhammadiyah University (UMY)
  2. Madrasah Mu’allimin Muhammadiyah
  3. Head Office of Muhammadiyah, Yogjakarta/ Jakarta

Australian Govnt,


Muhammadiyah Institutions

Implementation 3R in school, university and office
  1. Reduce undegradable waste (plastic)
  2. Reduce paper use (paperless office)
  3. Reduce water use, reuse and recycle of wudhu water in mushalla and Masjid
  4. Reduce and refine chemical and fluid waste
  5. Recycle waste ( organic material for compost, etc)
  1. Reduce plastic and paper use min 20 %
  2. Water use saving up to 60 % efficiency
  3. Reduce waste and increase availability of organic compost
  4. Good and safe management of chemical and fluid waste ( Standard ISO-2009)
  1. PKU hospital Yogjakarta
  2. PKU hospital at Daerah ( Bantul and .....) other
  3. Masjid Kampus and Hospitals
  4. SMK Muh or M.Muallimat
  5. Muslim women (Muslimah/Aisyiah)

Muhammadiyah and Aisyiah Institutions at Province upto District level

(Kodya Jogja, Bantul and Sleman) Australian Govt, CAA/CAI

Energy Alternatif for Local /Rural Community
  1. Development of Bioenergy (Jatropa)
  2. Biogas digester
  3. Introducing technology (equipment) for energy converter
  4. Disemination and community development
  1. Reduce cost and dependence upon kerosin-fired (kompor minyak).
  2. Reduce cost and dependence upon electric energy
  3. Independent community in energy for household
Potorono (village) Muhammadiyah community, Bantul


Muhammadiyah Daerah  (Bantul)


Closing Remarks

  1. Protection and conservation of the natural environment is a moral and ethical imperative (amanah) Allah s.w.t, the Sustainer of all being.
  2. Environmental problems can not be solved through knowledge and technology alone. Only faith and moral conviction can motivate people to forego  the short range profits of this life, and to make personal sacrifices .
  3.  Education of environment (knowledge, cognition and affection)  to moslem community should continually be done.  Its should also be backed with legislation and effective enforcement of injunction and prohibition by the government.
  4. Environmental problems can only be solved through planned  and  organized actions.



Presented in the International Conference :

Muslim Action on Climate Change and Declaration of Bogor.  As a Green City.

Bogor, 9-10 th April, 2010.

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