By: Muhjidin Mawardi
Ketua MLH PP. Muhammadiyah
Environmental problems is not merely technical , but it related to theological (faith) and human behavior. Environmental degradations and disruptions are mostly influenced by the degradation of social morality (al akhlaq al ummah). Muhammadiyah as a da’wah for social and moral movement, has a great potency in the development for improving al akhlaq al ummah ( human ethic and behavior) regarding environmental challenges and movement through the concept of: al amru bil ma’ruf wan nahyu ‘anil munkar ( movement for goodness and prohibit worst behavior). Under this theological view of Muhammadiyah, that man is a part of the universe and al khalifah (representative) of Allah, so that they must be able to represent the role of Allah for the nature such is al-rab (sustaining everything) and rakhmatan (spread grace) in the universe. Once human obligation in the context of devotion to Allah is conservation of natural resources. Protection and preservation of natural environment is equal to preservation of life (hifdzun nafs).
Muhammadiyah is a big and modern moslem civil society in Indonesia. He has more than 35 million members, thousands school and madrasah, hundred universities, hospitals and clinics spread out a long the islands of Indonesia. Muhammadiyah has paved out it commitment to actively participate in the protection and conservation of natural resources and environment as it has been mandated (amanah) by the 45th Muktamar Muhammadiyah in Malang. To follow up and realize this amanah, Muhammadiyah then has been developing The Environment Institution (MLH) for running the institution missions and programs on environment. Some of the selected program is as mentioned in the Table 1 and Table 2.
Muhammadiyah has been developing programs and activities which will be implemented during the period of 2010 up to 2015. Some are continuation programs for the prior period which could not be implemented due to some technical reason and will be implemented during the next period. For running the programs, Muhammadiyah will have to collaborate with the stakeholders such as the government, non government (NGO) and other environment communities. Table 1, shows some selected programs, activities, achievement indicators and resources need to run each program.
Table 1: Selected Programs and Activities of Muhammadiyah
on Movement of Da’wah and Education for Environment
1. Developing Technical Guidance and Manual for Environmental Protection and Management
|1.1 Developing Handbook of Environmental Ethics in Islamic Pesrpective||Publish the Book of Environmental Ethic||MLH, KLH (Environment Minister) and Forestry Minister (FM)|
|1.2 Workshop and socialisation of Environmental Ethics||The book has been socialized and diseminated among Muhammadiyah member and Muslim community at national wide||MLH, KLH and Muhammadiyah Universities (UM)|
|1.3 Developing technical guidance for Environmental Auditing||
||MLH, KLH, NGO and Contributors|
|2. Developing Educational System on Environment||2.1 Pilot project on Environmental Education for the Muhammadiyah Institution (Pre School, Primary,Secondary, High Schools, pesantren and University)||Environmental Eductaion Model has been developed and adopted by some selected Muhammadiyah schools and universities.||Division of Education, Dikdasmen and Dikti|
|2.2 Pilot Project on implementing 3R in Muhammadiyah institution||Imlementation of 3R on selected Muhammadiyah institution at high to lower level. ( Pilot Project model)||Division of Education, Muh. University, Muhammadiyah office at Wilayah through Cabang, Founding Donor, collaboration between universties|
|2.3 Intensifiying education on environment through scholarship program in country and by study abroad||Increase the number of student who studied on environmental and ecological studies|
|2.4 TOT for Muballigh Lingkungan (Motivator and advocator on Environment)||Developed model and moduls of TOT for Muballigh Lingkungan||Div. of Environmental Education, MLH|
|2.5 TOT for biogass, garbages and sanitation for house hold||Developed models and moduls for TOT imlementation||Div. of Environmental Education, MLH|
|4. Institutional Buliding on Environmental Friendly Movement||4.1 National Workshop on Environmental Programs||Workshop the MLH programs||
Div. Advocation MLH
Table 2. Selected Programs of Muhammadiyah
on Climate Changes : Mitigation and Adaptation
|Task||Activity||Target Achievement||Site/location for pilot project||Resources|
|Reducing (Electric) Energy use||
|Implementation 3R in school, university and office||
Muhammadiyah and Aisyiah Institutions at Province upto District level
(Kodya Jogja, Bantul and Sleman) Australian Govt, CAA/CAI
|Energy Alternatif for Local /Rural Community||
||Potorono (village) Muhammadiyah community, Bantul||
Muhammadiyah Daerah (Bantul)
- Protection and conservation of the natural environment is a moral and ethical imperative (amanah) Allah s.w.t, the Sustainer of all being.
- Environmental problems can not be solved through knowledge and technology alone. Only faith and moral conviction can motivate people to forego the short range profits of this life, and to make personal sacrifices .
- Education of environment (knowledge, cognition and affection) to moslem community should continually be done. Its should also be backed with legislation and effective enforcement of injunction and prohibition by the government.
- Environmental problems can only be solved through planned and organized actions.
Presented in the International Conference :
Muslim Action on Climate Change and Declaration of Bogor. As a Green City.
Bogor, 9-10 th April, 2010.